JIM CORBETT TIGER RESERVE RAMNAGAR | TIGER CAMPS
Corbett Tiger Reserve nestles in the foothills of the great Himalayas in the north and the Shivalik range of mountains in the south, varying in altitude between 400-1210 metres above sea level.
It is located between latitude 29°- 13’ and 29°-35’ North and longitude 78°-56’ and 79°-33’ East. The park area is spread over an area exceeding 1300 sq km and comprises diverse habitats varying between scrub, grass lands, thick forest and a river system.
The rain-fed Ramganga enters the park from the northeast and forms a reservoir at its heart. The Ramganga, itself a tributary of the mighty river Ganga is fed by smaller rivers - the Palain and the Sona Nadi.
With the launching of 'Project Tiger' on 1 April 1973, Corbett National Park was selected as one of the nine tiger reserves covered under the project, and has the distinction of being chosen as the venue for its inauguration on 1 February 1974.
This lush forest is alive and bursting with a rich abundance of plant and wild life. From the tiniest micro-organisms to the mighty Asiatic Elephant, and a varied range in between, dwell in the park. Thousands of species of insects to over 350 species of birds, dozens of species of mammals, fish and reptiles live in relative harmony here.
However, on top of the food chain are the big cats, namely the tiger and the leopard. The tiger is undisputedly the king of the forest and of all that he surveys.
The national park is noted for its rich and diverse fauna. While the tiger and the Asiatic elephant are its star attractions, they inhabit this forest with 50 other species of mammals. CTR also offers the greatest number of birds in any national park in the country, an inventory of over 575 species. There also are 33 species of reptiles – both the Maggar and the Gharial species of crocodile are found within the park. There are seven species of amphibians, seven of fish that include the tiger of the Indian rivers – the Mahaseer, and 37 of dragonflies.
Also notable among the large mammals are the leopard cat, sloth bear and the Indian pangolin, all of which used to exist in large numbers throughout the terai region of Uttar Pradesh but are now rarely seen outside the national park.
The swamp deer became locally extinct about 20 years ago. However the Sambhar, the Chital - spotted deer Hog deer, the Barking deer, and the Indian porcupine are still found within the park in varying abundance.
Situated on a migratory route, the park is visited by quite a few passage migrants. Among the birds that have suffered heavily on account of large-scale inundation are the passerines that roost and breed in smaller trees, bushes and reed-beds, notably red ardvart, spotted munia, weaver bird, black-throated baya and common myna.
The park teems with life.
110 species of trees - 51 of shrubs - 27 climbers - 37 grasses and bamboos - And 50 endemic species of mammals - More than 600 species of birds - 26 of reptiles - 7 of amphibians.
The park is notable for its extensive sal forests which cover nearly 73% of its area. A frequent associate of sal is haldu. On higher ridges bakli is predominant, and the other associates are khetwa, gurial, pula, dhauri, amaltas Cassia fistula, bhilawa, amla and ber.
The less common species are papri, kumbhi and mahwa. Rohni and jamun occur along dry river beds in exposed areas. The Acacia catechu association along the Ram Ganga is a notable feature.